A crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority. A criminal offense comprises several misdemeanors, felonies, and infractions that violate the code of conduct, and social, personal and professional behavior.
First degree offenses are the severest of crimes that result in the death or critical injury of a person. Mostly included under Personal crimes that involve inflicting harm to a person’s physical or mental health, first degree crimes are punishable to death. Other personal crimes include assault, molestation, kidnapping, rape, abuse, trafficking, and arson.
Some public crimes also come under first-degree offenses, including intended explosions, terrorist activities, mass homicide, etc.
Property crimes include illegal occupation or acquisition of property and assault related to property. White-Collar crime includes fraudulent monetary activities, scamming a person or an institute or a company and is probably one of the mildly punishable offenses. Financial crimes include money laundering, embezzlement, blackmailing, tax evasion, and black money.
Inchoate or Statutory offenses are those crimes that were initiated or assist in another crime. These crimes are incomplete attempts of a larger criminal offense, where the accused was either caught red-handed with substantial conspiracy prior to the execution of the crime or was simply unable to see the intended crime to the end. It also includes crimes committed under the influence of alcohol or drugs and sometimes, even blackmail.
In case of being charged with a crime, you will need a Criminal Defense Lawyer to represent you in court proceedings. Criminal defense is an argument presented by the representing attorney claiming the innocence or at least some leniency on the behalf of the accused.
A criminal defense lawyer can formulate an appropriate defense for the accused on the following basis:
- A Defense Based on Mental Disorder
Claiming the accused committed a crime due to a medically identified mental disorder. These cases often lead to the hospitalization of the accused and dissolving of the criminal law suit.
Claiming that the accused committed the crime under substance influence may not obtain pardon but can hope to achieve some consideration.
- Mistake of Fact
When the accused accepts the crime as a mistake and takes responsibility and shows remorse and willingness to improve, the court may give some leniency and the punishment may be more of reformation training.
Claiming to have committed a crime to save oneself from harm.
- Necessity or Lesser Harm
Violating law to save someone’s life or for the greater good.
- The Lawful Capacity of the Office
Especially meant for public servants and first responders like police officers, this includes defense for violations committed on the line of duty.
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